If blood types are not compatible, the donor will not be able to donate directly to you. However, the donor may consider donating through a partner exchange program. Combined exchange programs allow you to obtain a kidney from another donor that is not compatible with the intended recipient. You may have heard discussions about “compatibility” and kidney transplantation.There are actually three tests that are done to evaluate donors.
These are blood type, cross-compatibility and HLA tests. This blood test is the first step in the process of donating live food and determines if you are compatible or “match” your recipient, blood type. There are 4 different blood types. The most common blood type in the population is type O.
The next most common is blood group A, then blood group B, and the rarest is blood group AB. The donor's blood type must be compatible with the recipient. The rules for blood type in transplantation are the same as for blood transfusion. Some blood types may affect others and others may not.Blood type O is considered the universal donor.
People with blood group O can donate to any other blood group. Blood group AB is called the universal receptor because it can receive an organ or blood from people with any type of blood. The table below shows what type of blood you can donate to what.Being a compatible blood group is just one part of knowing if a person will be compatible. You can still donate your organs even if you don't belong to a compatible blood group.
The Rh factor is not important for kidney compatibility. If you're considering donating a kidney to your child, you'll first need to check your child's blood group.If your child is blood group AB, which is rare, a person of any blood group can donate. If your child is one of the other blood groups (A, O, or B), you must be of the same blood group or blood group O, which you can donate to everyone. You may not necessarily be a blood group compatible with your child's.
In addition to being healthy, living donors must have blood types and tissues compatible with the kidney recipient.The transplant team will perform tests to see if blood and tissues are compatible (fit perfectly) with the kidney recipient. If they aren't, our living donor program can also tell you about the combined donation program. Ideally, blood types should be compatible. This is quite complicated, but in general, a person who has blood group O can donate to anyone; OR is a universal donor.
However, a person with blood group A can only donate to someone with blood group A, blood group B to B, and AB to AB. As for the recipient, a person with blood group O can only receive one kidney O, however, a person with blood group A can receive an A or O kidney and a person with blood type B can receive a B or O kidney. If your blood group doesn't match the donor's blood group, you won't be able to get a kidney from that person directly, but you can still get a kidney transplant from another donor through paired kidney donation.The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) is the largest, most comprehensive and oldest organization dedicated to the awareness, prevention and treatment of kidney disease. In most cases, donating a kidney won't increase the risk of kidney disease, diabetes, or other health problems.
I hadn't met anyone in my life with kidney problems or who needed an organ transplant, but I knew that you only need one kidney to live. In addition, from the recipient's perspective, a younger kidney is better than an older one, and if someone is very large, they should ideally have someone's kidney of a similar size. Usually, the recipient or their family approach the donor and ask if they would be willing to donate a kidney.If you're healthy, donating a kidney won't increase your chances of getting sick or having serious health problems. If you have a living donor, but that person's kidney is not compatible with you, you can still receive a kidney transplant from a living donor.
If the child is lucky enough to receive a complete kidney compatible with 6 antigens from a deceased donor, then this is the only combination that works as well as a kidney from a parent, although the father may only have three numbers in common with his child. If cross-compatibility is negative, everything is fine and the donor can continue testing to determine that they are healthy and can donate a kidney.