The recipient's body will always view an organ as a foreign object. If a deceased donor and transplant recipient do not share the same blood type, a transplant cannot be performed. When a living donor and a transplant recipient do not have the same blood type, the recipient can receive special treatment to suppress the immune system and enable them to accept the kidney that is incompatible with the living donor's blood group. Without this treatment, the recipient's body will reject the new kidney, leading to transplant failure.Being a compatible blood group is just one factor in determining if a person is suitable for donation.
Even if you don't have a compatible blood type, you can still donate your organs. The Rh factor is not relevant for kidney compatibility. With the current shortage of deceased donors, a kidney transplant from a living donor is an effective way to increase transplant rates and reduce wait times for all patients.Living donation for renal transplantation should be encouraged, including the use of cross-programs that are incompatible with ABO and the acceptance of altruistic kidney donation, particularly for recipients of blood group O. An analysis of the survival of kidney grafts from living and deceased donors showed similar results (data not shown).
The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) is the largest, most comprehensive and oldest organization dedicated to raising awareness, preventing and treating kidney disease.Due to biological barriers, patients with blood group O are at a disadvantage when it comes to receiving a graft from a living donor and may also be at a disadvantage in receiving an organ from a deceased donor in a timely manner due to Eurotransplant's current kidney allocation policy.If your blood group does not match the donor's blood group, you won't be able to get a kidney from that person directly. However, you can still get a kidney transplant from another donor through paired kidney donation. It is clear that an increase in post-mortem organ donation rates would benefit patients of all blood groups on the waiting list, not just those needing kidney transplants. If someone receives a kidney from someone with an incompatible blood type, their normal immune system will reject it immediately because natural antibodies fight different types of blood.
Combined with fewer transplants from living donors, this translates into lower rates of kidney transplants for O recipients.Current allocation systems and living donor kidney exchange programs should be reevaluated to address this issue. If you have a living donor but their kidney isn't compatible with you, you can still get a kidney transplant from them. Over the past decade, due to the shortage of deceased donors and longer waiting times, there has been an increase in living donor kidney transplants worldwide. Blood group O patients have disadvantages when it comes to assigning organs from deceased donors to the Eurotransplant Renal Assignment System and have fewer living donors compatible with ABO.