Our findings suggest that gender matching is essential for kidney transplantation. In some rare cases, a man's kidney can be successfully transplanted from a donor to a woman, but it is not recommended for women to donate to male recipients, particularly in older patients with a history of dialysis. The sex of the donor and the recipient plays a more significant role in kidney transplants than previously thought. Women's donor kidneys don't work as well in men due to their smaller size.
Women have a higher risk of rejecting a kidney from a male donor. Therefore, researchers from Basel and Heidelberg suggest that gender should be taken into account more when allocating donor kidneys in the future. If you are healthy, donating a kidney will not increase your chances of getting sick or having serious health issues. Like any surgery, the procedure has some risks, but in general, live kidney donation is safe.
Most likely, donating a kidney will not increase the risk of kidney disease, diabetes, or other health problems if you have two healthy kidneys. A kidney transplant from a living donor is an alternative to a transplant from a deceased donor. A living donor can donate one of his two kidneys and the remaining one can perform the necessary functions. If you have kidney failure, receiving a kidney transplant may mean the possibility of living a longer and healthier life without dialysis.
Kidney transplantation is usually the preferred treatment for kidney failure compared to lifelong dialysis. Another way to donate a kidney while you're alive is to donate it to someone you don't necessarily know. If you are healthy and your antibodies and blood group match well with those of the recipient, you may be approved to donate the kidney. However, donating a kidney can expose a healthy person to the risk of unnecessary major surgery and recovery from it.
Recipients of a living donor kidney tend to live longer and healthier lives compared to those who receive a kidney from a deceased donor (a person who has just died). Some health care providers recommend that living kidney donors protect their remaining kidney by avoiding contact sports such as soccer, boxing, hockey, soccer, martial arts, or wrestling and wearing protective equipment such as padded vests under clothing to protect the kidney from injury during sports. The donor kidney can fail the recipient and cause feelings of regret, anger, or resentment in the donor. People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream through hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis or through a kidney transplant.
Surgeons usually perform minimally invasive surgery to remove a living donor's kidney (laparoscopic nephrectomy) for a transplant. If you meet the requirements to be a living donor, the transplant center must inform you of all aspects and possible outcomes of organ donation and obtain your informed consent for the procedure. Donor nephrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a healthy kidney from a living donor for transplantation into someone whose kidneys no longer work properly. This was made possible by living donors in 1954 using open surgery for donation surgery.
Living donor kidney transplantation is the most studied type of living organ donation with more than 50 years of follow-up information.